A.L.L.- INSURGENCY OVERVIEW


Taliban Code of Conduct published by Taliban leadership, Mid July 2009(Mullah Omar‟s COIN guidance – a population-centric strategy)
“This is our mission: to keep people and their property safe. Do not let those people that love money take our local people’s property and cause them problems.” “Keep good relationships with your friends and the local people, and do not let the enemy divide / separate you.”

Intentions

• We don’t have to beat ISAF militarily, just outlast international will to remain in Afghanistan
• Continue population outreach and protection programs
• Continue successful asymmetric operations
• Expand lethal IED and high-profile attacks to deny ISAF freedom of movement
• Emphasize increasing violence in RC North and RC West
• Demonstrate Taliban reach and perceived control of all Afghanistan
• Make the main enemy the United States

Directives
• Reiterated prohibitions on the following:
– Mistreatingpopulation
– Forciblytakingpersonal weapons
– Takingchildrentoconduct jihad
– Punishmentbymaiming
– Forcing people to pay donations
– Searchinghomes – Kidnapping people for money

TALIBAN GOVERNANCE

FATA – NWFP of Pakistan

FATA: Taliban Safe Haven

• Made up of seven tribal agencies (Khyber, Kurram, Orazkai, Mohmand, Bajaur, North and South Waziristan)
• 3 million tribesmen of FATA are part of the 28 million Pashtuns in Pakistan (15 million Pashtuns in Afghanistan)
• Development, literacy, and health facilities are low
– Per capita income US $500 – Literacy rate: 17% (3% for females) – Madaris (some built with Al Qaeda money) are a
primary means of education and remain popular
• Tribes on both sides of border intermarry, trade, feud, celebrate with one another; adhere to Pashtunwali
• FATA tribes more rigid and conservative due to a uniquely oppressive administrative system

– Ruled directly by the Pakistani President whose agent is the Governor of the Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP)
– Governor appoints “political agents” to each agency – Agents adhere to the “Frontier Crimes Regulation” (FCR), a legacy of
British colonialism
– FCR gave no constitutional, civic, or political rights to FATA tribesmen
– FATA traditionally off limits to journalists, NGOs, human rights organizations and political parties
– Mullahs and de facto religious parties have filled the void
• Since the fall of the Taliban in neighboring Afghanistan, the area has been destabilized as Pakistani Intelligence (ISI) used FATA as a safe haven for Taliban reconstitution and later as a staging area for TB recruitment, training and operations in Afghanistan
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